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Masaaki Hatsumi Ninjutsu Bujinkan Koppojutsu
Salepage : Masaaki Hatsumi Ninjutsu Bujinkan Koppojutsu
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MASAAKI HATSUMIMasaaki Hatsumi (初見良昭 Hatsumi Masaaki, born 2 December 1931) is the founder and current Soke, or Grandmaster, of the Bujinkan Organization, currently residing and teaching in the city of Noda, Chiba, Japan.
He is also a doctor of orthopedics, specializing in the mending of bones.
Beginning in childhood, Masaaki Hatsumi studied several popular martial arts. After teaching martial arts to the U.S. soldiers stationed in Japan he noticed that the larger and stronger Americans had an advantage in battles when using the same techniques.
He began to question the legitimacy of modern martial arts training and started to search for one where persons of equal skill truly were equals, even if the other one was stronger. It was after this time, while studying ancient Japanese weaponry, that he learned of ninjutsu and a martial artist named Toshitsugu Takamatsu who still knew it. In 1957 he and Fukumoto Yoshio began making regular trips to train with his new teacher (who resided at the time in Kashiwabara, in Nara), taking a 15-hour train ride from his hometown of Noda in Chiba. This training continued for 15 years until the passing of Toshitsugu Takamatsu in 1972.In the 1980s, ninja grandmaster Masaaki Hatsumi gained international prominence through the books of An-shu Stephen K. Hayes.
Masaaki Hatsumi focuses the training of the Bujinkan on the “feeling” of technique, or perhaps more accurately, what he terms the feeling of real situations. While technical knowledge of an art is considered important, the direction of this feeling-based approach guides the practitioner towards a “natural understanding” of what links various martial lineages as well as what is most effective in real situations. In addition Bujinkan students do not participate in martial art tournaments as it is Hatsumi’s belief that martial arts are not about winning or losing but about survivingHe has also served as a martial arts advisor to various films and television productions, including the James Bond movie You Only Live Twice, and in the first film from the highly popular Japanese series Shinobi no Mono.
He also appeared in and was the stunt coordinator for the Japanese show Sekai Ninja Sen Jiraiya.NINJUTSUNinjutsu (忍術?) sometimes used interchangeably with the term ninpō (忍法?) is the martial art, strategy, and tactics of unconventional warfare and guerrilla warfare as well as the art of espionage purportedly practiced by the shinobi (commonly known outside of Japan as ninja).While there are several styles of “modern ninjutsu,” the historicity and lineage of these styles is disputed.The main character nin (忍?) is a phono-semantic compound composed of two greater characters. The upper character ha or toh (刃?) is the phonetic indicator; its meaning of “edge of the sword” is therefore irrelevant here. The lower character kokoro or shin (心?) means “heart” or “soul”. The compound means “stealth”, “secrecy”, “endurance”, “perseverance”, and “patience”. Jutsu (術?) means “art” or “technique”. Hō (法?) meaning “knowledge”, “principle”, “law” or “system” when found with the prefix “nin” carries the meaning of ninja arts, higher order of ninjutsu.Ninjutsu was developed by groups of people mainly from the Iga Province Iga Ryu Ninjutsu and Kōka, Shiga of Japan. Throughout history the shinobi have been seen as assassins, scouts and spies. They are mainly noted for their use of stealth and deception. They have been associated in the public imagination with activities that are considered criminal by modern standards. Throughout history many different schools (ryū) have taught their unique versions of ninjutsu. An example of these is the Togakure-ryū. This ryū was developed after a defeated samurai warrior called Daisuke Togakure escaped to the region of Iga. Later he came in contact with the warrior-monk Kain Doshi who taught him a new way of viewing life and the means of survival (ninjutsu).Ninjutsu was developed as a collection of fundamental survivalist techniques in the warring state of feudal Japan. The ninja used their art to ensure their survival in a time of violent political turmoil. Ninjutsu included methods of gathering information, and techniques of non-detection, avoidance, and misdirection. Ninjutsu can also involve training in disguise, escape, concealment, archery, medicine, explosives, and poisons.Skills relating to espionage and assassination were highly useful to warring factions in feudal Japan. Because these activities were seen as dishonorable, Japanese warriors hired people who existed below Japan’s social classes to perform these tasks. These persons were literally called “non-humans” (非人, hinin?). At some point the skills of espionage became known collectively as ninjutsu, and the people who specialized in these tasks were called shinobi no mono.According to Bujinkan members Ninja Jūhakkei, the eighteen disciplines (jūhakkei < jūhachi-kei) were first stated in the scrolls of Togakure-ryū. Subsequently they became definitive for all ninjutsu schools by providing total training of the warrior in various fighting arts and agarter.Ninja jūhakkei was often studied along with Bugei Jūhappan (the “18 samurai fighting art skills”). Though some are used in the same way by both samurai and ninja, other techniques were used differently by the two groups.The 18 disciplines are:
1.Seishinteki kyōyō (spiritual refinement)
2.Taijutsu (unarmed combat)
3.Kenjutsu (sword techniques)
4.Bōjutsu (stick and staff techniques)
5.Sōjutsu (spear techniques)
6.Naginatajutsu (naginata techniques)
7.Kusarigamajutsu (kusarigama techniques)
8.Shurikenjutsu (throwing weapons techniques)
9.Kayakujutsu (pyrotechnics and explosives)
10.Hensōjutsu (disguise and impersonation)
11.Shinobi-iri (stealth and entering methods)
13.Sui-ren (water training)
16.Intonjutsu (escaping and concealment)
The name of the discipline of Taijutsu (体術?), literally means “body skill” or “body art”. Historically, the word taijutsu is often in Japan used interchangeably with jujutsu (as well as many other terms) to refer to a range of grappling skills. The term is also used in the martial art of aikido to distinguish the unarmed fighting techniques from other (e.g. stick fighting) techniques. In ninjutsu, especially since the emergence of the Ninja movie genre in the 80s, it is also used to avoid the undesired bravado of explicitly referring to “ninja” combat techniques.KOPPOJUTSUKoppōjutsu (骨法術) means attacks against bones in Japanese. Koppōjutsu is commonly considered a hard art in comparison to the soft arts such as koshijutsu (骨指術; attacks against muscles). Legend claims it was invented by the kappa, who excel at this discipline. Ninja were also extremely capable in this art.
Masaaki Hatsumi Ninjutsu Bujinkan Koppojutsu